Cataract surgery is one of the safest and most successful surgical procedures you can experience. Cataract surgery is a procedure in which the affected lens of your eye is removed and replaced with an artificial lens, called an intraocular lens, or IOL. During your procedure, Doctor will begin by administering anesthetic drops to reduce discomfort. He will then make two small incisions and remove the cataract from its capsule by using a handheld ultrasonic device known as a phacoemulsifier. An IOL is then inserted into the eye and positioned in the same capsule as the original lens.
The procedure typically lasts just a few minutes. There are no stitches involved. The recovery period is brief with minimal downtime, and most patients return to their normal activities the next day. In many cases, patients do not need glasses following surgery.
In order to promote desired healing, protect your eyes and improve the quality of your results, consider these precautions during the first few weeks following your surgery:
- Wear sunglasses to minimize light sensitivity
- Administer all eye drops as prescribed by Dr. Kambo
- Do not expose your eyes to irritants, including wind and dust
- Avoid strenuous activities which may cause eye trauma
- Do not enter hot tubs or swimming pools because they can increase the likelihood of infection
- Do not rub your eyes
- Don’t wear eye makeup for the first week after surgery
The common issues many patients experience during this healing period include:
- Dry eyes
- Red or bloodshot eyes
- Blurry or foggy vision
- Mild discomfort
What Are Premium IOLs?
Intraocular lenses (IOLs) are artificial lenses implanted in your eye to replace your eye’s natural lens. Although IOLs were initially used primarily to correct vision as part of cataract surgery, recent technological advances enable modern IOLs to address a wider range of vision issues.
Traditional IOLs were monofocal, and only helped you achieve clear vision at one distance. This meant that you could see distant objects clearly, but you’d still need glasses to read and perform other near-vision tasks.
Premium IOLs are much more advanced. Multifocal lenses allow you to see clearly at multiple distances without the need for glasses following your procedure.
Premium IOLs provide several advantages compared to traditional IOLs, including:
- The ability to read easily and quickly
- Better vision in a variety of lighting conditions
- Better range of vision
Types of IOLs
A monofocal (standard) IOL provides excellent vision, but at only one distance. The focal point can be set to one of the following:
- Near – for activities such as reading or sewing
- Distance – for activities like driving or watching TV
For decades, monofocal lens implants were the only option for insertion during cataract surgery. Patients would commonly choose monofocal implants that focused well on distant objects and rely on reading glasses to assist with close-up tasks.
Multifocal (premium) intraocular lenses contain additional magnification in different parts of the lens to expand the range of vision to see objects clearly at all distances without the need for eyeglasses or contacts.
Presbyopia is a common condition that causes near vision to fade with age. It is the most prevalent eye condition in America and affects most people over the age of 40 and everyone by their early 50s. Multifocal lenses are specially designed to combat the effects of presbyopia, reducing the need for corrective lenses.
Individual success with multifocal IOLs can depend on the size of the pupil and other health factors.
Toric IOLs are an ideal option if you need to correct astigmatism as part of your cataract surgery. Astigmatism is a condition that occurs when the cornea and/or the lens of your eye have an oval shape instead of a circular shape. This causes light to pass through your cornea and lens at different locations, creating different focal points which lead to blurry vision at all distances.
Benefits of toric IOLs include:
- 94% of patients achieve 20/40 distance vision or better without corrective lenses
- Improved night vision
- Reduction in higher order aberrations